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The Ultimate Guide to Automation Testing
What is Automation Testing?
Automation testing is used to test particular software by the use of the software. It can be defined as the use of special software (different from the software that is being tested) that compares the actual outcomes with the predicted outcomes and controls the executed tests. The purpose of test automation is to carry out additional tests that are manually difficult or not possible. It is found critical for continuous testing or continuous delivery. Developing great software value and upgrading the test efficiency describes the main agenda of Automation Testing.
Why Test Automation?
Testing multilingual sites manually is a difficult task to do and can be done with various automation tools.
Automated tests can be run overnight or can be left unattended. Human Intervention is not required.
Automation increases the Test Coverage and speed of the Test Execution.
Manual Testing is time-consuming when compared to automation testing.
Manual testing may become prone to errors as it becomes boring after a certain period.
The framework of Automation Testing
A set of test automation guidelines can be called a framework that helps to:
Data involvement wherever it is required
Minimize the use and required maintenance of code
Maintain the flow of testing
Improve the structure of testing
Involve the non-technical testers in code
Reduce the training period of tools
Four types of frameworks are used in automation testing that is:
Automation Testing Tools
Selenium is a software testing tool designed for Regression Testing that provides recording and playback facility. However, the only web browser supported by Selenium IDE is Mozilla Firefox.
It is capable to execute several tests at the same time.
It is compatible with frameworks like TestNG and JUnit.
By using X-path, id, etc., an element can be recognized.
An option to state the title for every page is provided.
For debugging and clearer understanding, it permits the insertion of comments in between the script.
The recorded scripts can be exported in other languages.
Rational Functional Tester:It can be defined as an object-oriented automated testing tool that can perform data-driven testing, regression, and GUI testing.
The main features are:
Custom controls can be supported using proxy SDK (Java/.Net).
It is capable of supporting applications and protocols like HTML, Windows, Java, etc.
The developers can create a keyword based script for the purpose of re-use.
Actions can be recorded and replayed on demand.
Version control is supported to facilitate the parallel development of the test.
It blends well with tools (source control management tools) such as Rational Team Concert Integration or Rational Clear Case.
QTP (MicroFocus UFT): Using the concept of keyword-based testing; it refers to every software application and is majorly used for regression and functional testing. In this case, the test cases are directly built from the tester.
The advantages are:
.Net development is supported by QTP.
A non-technical person can easily adapt to it and create test cases.
A better object-identifying mechanism is provided by QTP.
The defects are fixed faster by constantly replicating and documenting the defects for the developer.
Parameterization is easier.
It is capable of enhancing pre-existing QTP scripts even if the “Application Under Test” is unavailable, by the use of ActiveScreen.
Tricentis: It is known for the reinvention of software testing for DevOps.
Its features are:
It has a scriptless end to end automation testing.
It is a risk-based testing.
Mobile, API, Cross Browser and other testing types are supported by Tricentis.
Silk Test: The test is majorly designed for regression and functional testing. For E-Business Application, it comes out to be the best testing product. It is an object-oriented language that works on the concept of classes, objects, and inheritance.
The main features are:
Helps to recognize the movement of the mouse along with keystrokes.
Record and playback methods are available.
Descriptive programming methods are offered to get the dialogs.
Script commands are converted to GUI commands.
It contains all the source scripts.
It allows the commands to run on a host or remote machine.
Advantages of Automation Testing
Various applications are supported in automation testing.
It is an efficient and faster process as most of the part is automated.
It is capable of finding more defects when compared to manual testing.
Productivity is increased.
Testing coverage is increased as the test automation tools check the smallest units for defects.
The same type of automation tests can be re-used and executed because of the record option available.
It works without fatigue, unlike the human testers, as it uses various software tools.
Automation testing is less prone to errors.
Some of the many Automation Testing Interview Questions listed below will help you get an idea about what questions gets asked in such jobs related to Software Engineering & Tech. Get through the Automation Testing Interview bar with our selected Automation Testing Interview Questions for all Automation Testing enthusiasts!
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